On the topic of QCM, the different resonance harmonics, i.e., the fundamental and the overtone harmonics, are often subject to discussion. So, what is the deal with the overtones? Are they really needed, and if they are, when and why are they important?
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The new standard IEC 62961 for the transformer oil quality testing has just been released. In this blog post, the main differences between the old ASTM D971 and the new IEC 62961 standard are discussed.
When you are to invest in a new QCM-system, there are several aspects of the instrument to evaluate such as price, experimental capabilities and data quality. Price is straightforward, but how about the other two factors? Here we guide you how to asses experimental capabilities and data quality.
The measurement methods can be divided into optical (needle and tilting methods) and force (Wilhelmy method) depending on the measurement principle used. All the methods are measuring advancing and receding contact angles which are used to calculate contact angle hysteresis.
You have finished a set of successful QCM experiments, and it is time to analyze the data. Mass and thickness quantification are on the to-do list, and you must decide between the Sauerbrey equation and viscoelastic modeling. Here we present guidelines on how to evaluate which method to use.
Interfacial tension of insulating liquids against water has been used for a long time as a criterion for aging evaluation. The latest revision for the ASTM D971 standard dates back to 2012. The new IEC standard is about the be released to improve the accuracy of the method.
There are several ways to deposit nanoparticles. It is important to look at the application at hand and decide which method is the most suitable. Most of the methods are able to coat the surface but to achieve controlled monolayer deposition requires more sophisticated methods.
The versatility of polyelectrolyte multilayers, PEMs, is high, which makes them interesting for e.g. biomedical applications. The functionality is largely determined by the layer properties, which needs to be understood to be tailored. Here, we show how PEMs can be characterized with QCM-D.