Polymer brushes, polyelectrolyte multilayers and hydrogels are typically used to achieve desirable properties. Key parameters influencing these properties are layer conformation and the degree of hydration. Here we show a straightforward way to measure polymer brush swelling and collapse.
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Regular inspection of the transformer oil quality is important to ensure the operation of the transformer. Several methods are available, but the newly released IEC 62691 standard is based on the interfacial tension measurement between water and the transformer oil.
Nanoparticle size is one of the key parameters that are relevant to characterize in nanoparticle suspensions. Here we list six different methods that you can use to characterize the nanoparticle size.
In enhanced oil recovery wettability plays an important role as that determines the interactions between the solid (rock) and the liquids in the reservoirs (crude oil, brine). Wettability has been recognized as one of the key parameters controlling the remaining oil-in-place.
Proteins tend to passively adsorb to surfaces. The amount adsorbed depends on many factors such as the protein itself, the ambient conditions and the surface material. So how can the adsorbed amount at these various conditions be assessed? Here we show how protein adsorption can be quickly measured.
In QCM instrument specifications and experimental descriptions, there is always a reference to the fundamental frequency. But does the fundamental frequency really matter? Here we sort out the details and explain how and why it matters in a measurement situation.
Graphene oxide (GO) is the oxidized form of graphene. Graphene oxide is easy to process since it is dispersible in water and other solvents. Due to the oxygen in its lattice graphene oxide is not conductive, but it can be reduced to graphene by chemical methods.